On this episode of the M.O., we head to Central America where one country is resisting the United States pressure and going their own way in foreign policy. Host Manila Chan sits down with Dan Kovalik, professor and author of a new book on Nicaragua, to talk about the history of U.S. intervention and resistance to it in the small Central American nation.


On this episode of the M.O., we analyze the battle for Africa and how the continent is still carrying the weight of France's colonialsm. Host Manila Chan spoke with El Hadj Djitteye, President of the Timbuktu Center, about the patchwork of political instability on a continent steeped in a centuries old French colonial past and iasks f a modern Africa can shake off its history and carve its own pathway to prosperity without the West.


On this episode of The M.O., host Manila Chan sits down with TRT World editor Yusuf Erim to discuss the possibility of Sweden and Finland joining NATO and their primary roadblock to joining this defense bloc: Turkiye. Is this a package deal? Or will Turkiye give the green light to one country and reject the other?


On this episode of the M.O., military analyst Mark Sleboda joins host Manila Chan to discuss the mass mobilization of arms to Ukraine by Western nations and the ramifications of shipping weapons to an ongoing conflict zone to prolong hostilities. Manila delves into past conflicts to show parallels between the present-day Russian Special Military Operation and previous Western-sponsored wars, where weapons end up in the hands of shady groups.


In this episode of Modus Operandi we examine how power is concentrated in the hands of those who own energy. Host Manila Chan discusses how the world's consumption of natural gas and other resources continues to grow and how emerging economies like India and members of the African Union continue to rapidly develop with guest David Tawil, attorney and founder of ProChain Capital.